Read that carefully and you will realize that if you move all
the cars over to one half of a parking lot so a helicopter can land on the
other half, you have made an aerodrome (you "prepared" it). If you land on
a dirt road you are at an aerodrome (you "used" it). If a floatplane lands
in your swimming pool, according to the above definition it's an aerodrome.
AIP-AGA 2.1 actually states, "for the most part, all of Canada can be
To protect the travelling public, and owners of large swimming pools, some
aerodromes are inspected for safety standards. These are marked on aeronautical
charts and published in the
(1) There is no legal distinction between aerodromes with different types
of runway surface.
(2) I don't believe there are any aerodromes with control towers that are
not certified as airports, but it is not the control tower that makes it
an airport. An airport with a control tower is called a controlled airport
in Canada, and a towered airport in the United States.
(3) A registered aerodrome is any aerodrome listed in the CFS or WAS.
(4) Certified means certified as an airport.
A standard Transport Canada windsock has three orange stripes on it, separated
by white stripes. When there is no wind, the whole sock hangs straight down
from the frame. As the wind picks up, the sock starts to extend. When the
wind is blowing hard enough to extend a dry windsock straight out, the wind
is blowing at least 15 knots. (If it's wet, the wind needs to be a few knots
stronger to extend the windsock fully). As a rule of thumb, the wind is
blowing at about five knots per orange stripe that is inflated. The picture
here accurately shows the colours of the standard striped windsock, but the
artist has shown the tail of the windsock inflated in a way that does not
usually occur. Based on the top of the windsock in the picture, it is indicating
about 6-7 knots: a little more than the first stripe is extended. The tail
should be hanging down more. While looking for a better windsock picture,
I found some pictures of non-standard windsocks,
that may amuse you.
301.08 tells us this, and other things we're not allowed to do on an
(1) You can find out who the operator of the airport is by looking in the
OPR section of the CFS entry for the airport.
A vehicle might obtain such permission to tow a disabled aircraft to a hangar,
for snow removal, or to bring a medivac patient to an airplane.
(2) A lot of uncontrolled airports don't HAVE a security officer.
(3) The RCMP might be the ones called out to get you OFF the airport if you
were drag racing on the runways, but they aren't the ones to ask for permission
to go on.
(4) Sadly, your flight instructor is unable to give you permission to drive
your car onto the runway.
(1) Red flags may be used to mark off unusable areas of the apron, but not
the taxiways and runways.
(2) I've never seen such a marking at any airport.
(3) The X's might be painted, but they could be on tarpaulins, with dye on
snow, or with poles laid out on the runway, depending on how permanent or
temporary the closure is.
(4) This answer is just a red herring.
Runway numbering is based on the compass direction of the runway. As you
fly towards the runway, the first two digits of the compass heading is the
runway number. So landing on runway 24, you are going southwest, at approximately
(1) Aircraft landing at the west end of the runway are going east, therefore
flying 090 degrees, so the runway is 09.
(2) Remember, it's the first two digits, not the last two: 90 degrees is
(3) An airplane flying 270 is going west, but the end of the runway
it is approaching is the east end of the runway.
(4) There are no 3-digit runway numbers.
(1) Once you have been cleared to take off, or cleared to position on the
runway, you do not need to stop at the line. It is posible to receive a
take off clearance while you are still taxiing, so you reach the hold short
line and just keep going onto the runway.
(2) Until you have clearance to cross that line, you MUST stop and wait for
(3)&(4) If you are on the runway side of the line, you do not need permission
to cross the line and exit the runway.
The standard distance that unauthorized aircraft, pedestrians and vehicles
are asked to maintain is 200 feet. That's about 60 metres.
Transport Canada defines two terms, manoeuvering area and movement
area. The manoeuvering area is the area used for taxiing, take-off
and landing. The movement area is the manoeuvering area plus the
aprons. In other words, the manoeuvering area is just the runways and taxiways,
while the movement area includes the parking areas. You can remember this
by thinking that taxiing and taking off are more complicated, fancy manoeuvers
than just parking, and manoeuvering is certainly a fancier word than movement.
A question on these terms will probably turn up on your private pilot written
(1) The ramp or apron is the area where you park, preflight
the aircraft, and walk around looking at airplanes you think you might like
to own. It is part of the movement area, but is not included in the
(2) That describes the movement area.
(3) The taxiways are included in both movement and manoeuvering areas.
(4) Exactly. The taxiways and runways.
(1) At 2000' you are 500' above aircraft that are checking out the airport
for landing, and you are in agreement with CARs
(2) 1500' is usually 500' above circuit altitude, the recommended altitude
for overflying the runway to determine the direction of landing.
(3) 1000' is the normal circuit altutude.
(4) 500' is way too low. You'd be interfering with circuit altitude. See
the commentary on section 12 for a diagram of different
4.10 In a fixed
wing aircraft, try to avoid taxiing over or near any helicopter landing areas.
If you must taxi over them, be sure to scan the sky above and keep a listening
watch on frequency for any arriving rotary wing craft. Never park your fixed
wing aircraft on a helipad.
A is a hospital heliport.
B is a heliport.
C is arrival and departure hover area aiming point marking.
D is apron and touchdown pad marking.